WHAT IS HODGKIN AND NON-HODGKIN LYMPHON?
Lymphoma or lymphatic cancer is a type of cancer that mainly affects cells of the immune system, called lymphocytes.
FORMS OF LYMPHATIC SYSTEM CANCER
Lymphatic cancer (lymphoma) can be of two types:
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma;
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma;
Globally, lymphoma is the 5th most common type of cancer in men and 7th in women. Once the diagnosis of lymphoma is confirmed, doctors perform a new series of screening tests and biopsies, to determine the stage of the condition and its form. Lymphoma can have two main forms, depending on the affected cells, the speed with which the disease acts and the arrangement of the cancer cells that can be seen under a microscope.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease) occurs more frequently in people who have been infected with the Epstein-Barr virus, in patients with the HIV virus or in the case of people with a genetic predisposition. In laboratory tests, Hodgkin’s lymphoma appears as an abnormal arrangement and development of type B cells, and the diagnosis is made immediately after confirming the existence of this type of cells in the body.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the most common form of lymphatic cancer and can start anywhere in the body. It can start in a single lymph node (uninodular) or in several nodes (plurinodular). The diagnosis of Nono-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and the stage of the condition is established according to the shape and size of the nodules.
LYMPHATIC CANCER TREATMENT INCLUDES:
- Targeted therapy;
- The operation;
- Application of high doses of chemotherapy accompanied by stem cell transplantation.
Transplantation of stem cells in the case of Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Studies show that stem cell transplantation can greatly improve the survival rate of patients with aggressive cancer. The administration of a growth factor, G-CSF, can be recommended as an adjunct to chemotherapy. This growth factor is actually a natural protein, produced by the healthy body and which can significantly increase the tolerability of chemotherapy and can protect the body from the occurrence of serious infections.